...Because someone's gotta tell the story...


Today's Birthdays

1979: Jonny Wilkinson, born in Frimley, England, professional rugby union player, member of the England national team, considered one of the world's best rugby players
1976: Tarik Glenn, offensive tackle for the Indianapolis Colts
1975: Adam Saathoff, Tuscon Ariz, running target 1996 Olympics
1974: Dennis Stallings, linebacker for the Tennessee Oilers
1973: Earl Mackey, NFL linebacker for the Minnesota Vikings
1973: Josee Corbeil, Pointe-Claire Quebec, volleyball player 1996 Olympics
1973: Duncan Free, Australian rower 1996 Olympics
1973: Molly Sims, born in Murray, Kentucky, actress, model, appeared in 'Sports Illustrated Swimsuit' issues, appeared in 'Las Vegas' television drama
1973: Jeff Smith, NFL/WLAF corner, Scotland Claymores/Kansas City Chiefs
1973: Racquel Spurlock, WNBA center for the Houston Comets
1973: Maria Jose Gaidano, Buenos Aires, Argentina, tennis star, 1993 Belgium doubles
1972: Tony Ronaldson, Adelaide SA Australia, basketball forward 1996 Olympics
1972: Antonio Lang, NBA forward for the Cleveland Cavaliers
1971: Larry Thompson, CFL/NFL wide receiver, Seattle Seahawks, BC Lions
1971: Keith Hamilton, NFL defensive tackle for the New York Giants
1971: Alan Kline, NFL tackle for the New Orleans Saints
1971: Justin Henry, Rye, New York, actor, Kramer vs Kramer, 16 Candles
1971: Tim Kroeker, Chilliwack BC, 110m hurdler 1996 Olympics
1970: Heather Simmons-Carrasco, Mountain View California, synchro swimmer, 1996 Olympics
1970: Sandra Dopfer, Lustenau Austria, tennis star, 1995 Futures-Lerida
1970: Danni Roche, Melbourne VIC Australia, field hockey midfielder 1996 Olympics
1970: Joey Eischen, West Covina California, pitcher for the Los Angeles Dodgers
1970: Robert Croft, cricketer, Glamorgan off-spinner, England 1996-
1970: Sidney Greenbush, Louisiana, twin actress, Carrie-Little House on Prairie
1970: Michael B Enyaer, writer, Pilot One
1970: Jamie Kennedy, American Actor
1970: Lindsay Greenbush, Louisiana, twin actress, Carrie-Little House on Prairie
1969: Anne Heche, Ohio, actress, Donnie Brasco, Juror, Volcano
1969: Matt Borlenghi, born in Los Angeles, California, actor, Brian Bodine-All My Children
1968: Kendall Gill, NBA guard and forward, New Jersey Nets
1968: Nathalie Schneyder, born in San Francisco, California, synchronized swimmer, 1996 Olympics gold
1968: Debbi Miho Koyama, LPGA golfer, 1995 U.S. Women's Open-28th
1968: Shawn Bouwens, NFL guard for the Jacksonville Jaguars
1967: Luc Nilis, Belgian soccer player, RSC Anderlecht/PSV
1967: Juan Jimenez, WLAF quarterback/receivers coach, Barcelona Dragons
1967: Poppy Z. Brite, American Author
1967: Ruthie Bolton, McClain Mississippi, basketball guard, 1996 Olympics gold
1966: Bill Haselman, Long Branch, New Jersey, catcher for the Boston Red Sox
1966: Dave Hollins, Buffalo, New York, infielder for the Minnesota Twins
1966: Melissa McNamara, Tulsa, Oklahoma, LPGA golfer, 1991 Stratton Mountain Classic
1965: Yahya Jammeh, born in Kanilai, Gambia, politician, President of Gambia, controlled the country as a result of a bloodless military coup, elected September 1996
1965: Remco Prins, Dutch rock guitarist and vocalist, Burma Shave-Stash
1965: Mark Knight, California, rock guitarist, Bang Tango-Dancin' on Coals
1965: Simon Fowler, English Musician
1965: Stefka Kostadinova, Bulgaria high jumper, world record 1987
1965: Roef-Ragas, Dutch actor, Missing Link, Red Rain, Juju, Mykosch
1964: David Shaw, St. Thomas, NHL defenseman, Tampa Bay Lightning
1963: Mike Myers, born in Scarborough, Canada, comedian, voice actor, screenwriter, film producer, movies include 'Wayne's World', 'Austin Powers', 'Shrek'
1962: Zulqarnain, cricketer, last person in alphabetical order to play Test
1962: Amy Read, Birmingham, Michigan, golfer, 1994 Healthsouth Palm Beach-15th
1961: Hiro Saito, wrestler, All-Japan/NJPW/Calgary
1960: Benoat van Innis, Belgian cartoonist/painter/cartoonist, New York Post
1959: Julian Clary, born in Teddington, England, comedian, novelist, employs campy delivery style, emphasizing use of double entendre, innuendo, videos of stage acts include 'My Glittering Passage', 'The Mincing Machine Tour'
1959: Cathryn Harrison, born in London, England, actress, Old Woman in Black Moon
1958: Dorothy Straight, 4 year old author, How World Begun
1958: Paul Weller, guitar, Jam-This is Modern World, Style Council
1958: Klaus Meine, rocker, Scorpions-No One Like You
1957: Hillary Bailey Smith, born in Boston, Massachusetts, actress, Nora-One Life to Live
1956: Tatsutoshi Goto, wrestler, WAR/NJPW
1955: Connie Selleca, Bronx, actress, Hotel, Captain America II
1954: Alison Stern, wife of radio personality Howard Stern, Private Parts
1953: Jane Priest, born in Perth, Australia, Prince Charles' lover
1953: Rich Alves, Pleasanton California, singer, Pirates of Miss-Fred Jake
1953: Janis Karpinski, American Soldier
1953: Donald Albert Weibring, Jr., Quincy, Illinois, PGA golfer, 1979 Quad Cities
1952: Gordon Smith, born in Pendleton, Oregon, politician, Republican, U.S. Senator from Oregon 1997 - 2009, President of the Oregon State Senate 1995 - 1997
1951: Clifford Archer, bassist, Atlantic Star-Touch a 4 Leaf Clover
1949: Jamaica Kincaid, Elaine P Richardson, Antigua/US journalist, NYer
1949: Lalith Kaluperuma, cricketer, two Tests for Sri Lanka 1982
1947: Karen Valentine, Santa Rosa California, actress, Love American Style, Room 222
1947: Mitch Margo, Brooklyn, rocker, Tokens-Lion Sleeps Tonight
1947: Jessi Colter, Miriam Johnson, Phoenix, country singer, I'm Not Lisa
1946: Janet E[llen] Morris, U.S., sci-fi author, Golden Sword, Tempus
1946: Irnema Szewinski Kirszenstein, Poland, 200m runner, 1968 Olym Gold
1945: Dave Lee Travis, born in Derbyshire, England, radio presenter, stage name DLT, hosted shows on Garrison Radio, BBC Radio 1, Magic Network, DAB Digital Radio
1944: Robert Michael Payton, pizza magnate
1944: Frank Oz, Heresford England, puppeteer, Sesame St, Muppet Show
1943: Wynand C Malan, South African lawyer/NP/DP-politician
1943: Poli Palmer, rocker, Family
1943: John "Poli" Palmer, rocker, Family K
1943: Leslie Uggams, New York City, singer and actress, Leslie Uggams Show, Roots
1942: Brian "Blinky" Davison, rocker
1939: Ian McKellen, England, actor, Keep, Plenty, Scarlet Pimpernel
1939: Dixie Carter, Tennessee, actress, Designing Women, Edge of Night
1938: Margaret Forster, British Author
1938: Raymond Carver, poet/short story writer, Furious Season
1938: Ludmil Buldakova, U.S.S.R., volleyball player, Gold Medal 1972 Olympics
1937: Mark Shields, American Journalist
1936: Rusi Surti, cricketer, Indian slow lefty, hat-trick for Qld 1969
1936: Tom T. Hall, Olive Hill, Kentucky, country singer and writer, Harper Valley PTA
1934: Ron Nesson, press secretary, Gerald Ford
1934: David J Burke, Liverpool England, writer
1933: Roger Bowen, actor, M*A*S*H, Main Event, What about Bob, Petulia
1932: Georgi Mikhailovich Grechko, U.S.S.R., cosmonaut, Soyuz 17, 26, T-14
1932: John Grogery Dunne, U.S. writer, Up Close and Personal, True Confessions
1932: K C Jones, Taylor, Texas, basketball player 1956 Olympics gold
1931: John Gabriel, Niagara Falls, New York, actor, Cat Gang, Fantasies
1929: Beverly Sills, born in New York, opera singer, popularized opera, called "America's Queen of Opera" by Time magazine
1929: David S Ruder, 23rd chairman of Security and Exchange Commission
1928: Mary Tuck, social researcher/civil servant
1928: Frigyes Hidas, composer
1927: Robert Ludlum, New York City, spy novelist, Bourne Identity
1926: Kitty Kallen, rocker
1926: Miles Davis, Alton, Illinois, jazz trumpeter, L'ascenseur pour l'echafaud
1926: M von der Grun, writer
1925: Jeanne Crain, Barstow California, actress, Man Without a Star
1925: Aldo Clementi, composer
1923: John Weitz, spy/author/fashion designer, Friends in High Places
1923: Karl Hess, American Writer
1921: Hal David, lyricist, Promises Promises-Grammy 1969
1921: Jack Steinberger, American Physicist
1919: Gino Negri, composer
1919: Lindsey Nelson, Pulaski, Tennessee, sportscaster for the New York Mets
1918: Peder Lunde, Norway, yachtsman 1952 Olympics silver
1918: Claude Akins, Nelson Georgia, actor, BJ and Bear, Movin' On, Lobo
1917: Dorothy Sarnoff, U.S., actress
1917: Jimmy Hamilton, saxophonist
1917: Steve Cochran, Eureka California, actor, Mozambique, Gay Senotiys, Dallas
1916: Virginia Ginny Simms, actress and singer, Kay Kyser Band
1915: Daniel Wolf, journalist
1913: Joseph Peter Grace, businessman
1912: Eddie Maxwell, singer, Yes We Have No Bananas
1910: Ernest Anderson, publicist
1909: Sandra Oh, Canadian Actress
1908: David Lean, British director, Lawrence of Arabia
1908: Theodore Roethke, U.S., poet, Words for the Wind
1907: Rachel Carson, conservationist/writer, silent springs
1907: U Nu, premier Burma, 1948-58, 1960-62
1905: Joseph C Harsch, Toledo Ohio, newscaster, Background
1905: Binnie Barnes, London, actress, Adv of Marco Polo, Diamond Jim
1904: Kurt George Hugo Thomas, composer
1902: Helvi Lemmikke Leiviska, composer
1901: Milenko Zivkovic, composer
1898: Bennett Cerf, publisher, Random House, panelist, What's My Line
1898: Mischa Levitzki, composer
1898: Gustav Regler, writer
1898: Gene Tunney, world heavyweight boxing champion, 1926-30
1897: Alan Kippax, cricketer, 22 Tests for Australia 1924-34, brilliant bat
1896: Jan N Bakhuizen van den Brink, theologist/church historian
1894: Dirk Vansina, Flemish playwright, Verschaeve Gives Evidence
1891: Robert W. P. Peereboom, Dutch editor in chief, Haarlem Newspaper
1889: Igor Sikorsky, developed a working helicopter
1889: Sverre Jordan, composer
1889: Gilardo Gilardi, composer
1888: Miles Malleson, writer and actor, Phantom of Opera, Postman's Knock
1886: Philip Murray, founded Congress of Industrial Organizations, CIO
1882: Harry Fox, entertainer
1879: William Maxwell Aitken, Canadian Businessman
1879: W Maxwell Aitken lord Beaverbrook, Canada/English banker
1878: Bill Bojangles Robinson, Actor
1878: Bill "Bojangles" Robinson, actor, Stormy Weather, Little Colonel
1877: Billy Murray, singer, Denver Nightengale
1869: Robert Baldwin Ross, French Celebrity
1865: John Raleigh Mott, organizer, YMCA, Nobel 1946
1865: Frederick Augustus III, King of Saxon, 1904-18
1865: Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist, Zeeman effect, Nobel 1902
1852: Louis FMF Franchet d'Esperey, Desperate Frankey, French marshal, WW I
1847: Alphonse Goovaerts, composer
1847: John Alexander Dowie, Elijah the Restorer, U.S., evangelist
1845: William Muldoon, Belfast, New York, boxing commissioner, help find PAL
1839: John Eliot, English meteorologist
1830: Jules de Geyter, Belgian poet, International
1821: Diederich Krug, composer
1818: Jacob Burckhardt, Swiss cultural historian
1803: Ralph Waldo Emerson, U.S., essayist/philosopher, Concord Hymn
1781: Ferdinand K J, archduke of Austria-Este/Governor-General, Sicily
1779: Henry M Baron de Kock, Dutch officer/politician
1767: Ferdinand Franzl, composer
1767: Friedrich Johann Eck, composer
1729: Jean de Neufville, Dutch / U.S. merchant, started 4th English war
1726: Giuseppi Paolucci, composer
1713: John Stuart, 3rd earl of Bute, English premier, 1760-63
1688: Christian August Jacobi, composer
1550: Camillus de Lellis, Italian soldier/monastery founder/saint
1494: Jacopo Pontormo II, Italy, painter, Sepulture of Christ


Today in History

2011: Germany determines it must shut down part of its airspace as volcanic ash from Iceland's Grisvotn eruption spreads through northern Europe
2011: French Minister of Finance, Christine Lagarde, declares her candidacy as head of the International Monetary Fund
2009: North Korea announces a successful nuclear test in North Hamgyong, the U.N. Security Council condems the test
2008: NASA's Phoenix spacecraft lands in the polar region on Mars
2002: China Airlines flight 611 crashes near Taiwan, killing 225, crash probably due to structural failure
1997: Todd and Mel Stottlemyre become 1st father and son to win 100 games
1997: Bell Atlantic Senior Golf Classic
1997: Minnesota Twins retire Kirby Puckett's uniform number
1997: David Frost wins Golf's Colonial Final in Ft. Worth Texas
1997: Indianapolis 500 race
1997: Rosie Jones wins LPGA Corning Classic
1996: Jennifer Maria Holsten, 18, crowned Miss Filipino-American
1994: Emmy 21st Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci not nominated
1992: Oscar Luigi Scalfaro elected president of Italy
1992: Jay Leno becomes permanent host of "Tonight Show"
1992: New York Yankees score 9 runs before 1st out in 8th inn, beat Brewers 13-7
1991: Stanley Cup: Pittsburgh Penguins beat Minnesota North Star, 4 games to 2
1991: Israel evacuates 14,000 Ethiopian Jews
1991: "People Are Still Having Sex," by LaTour hits #35
1989: Mariners trade Mark Langston to Montreal for Randy Johnson
1989: Mikhail Gorbachev elected Executive President in the Soviet Union
1989: Stanley Cup: Calgary Flames beat Montreal Canadiens, 4 games to 2
1989: Weird Al Yankovic records "She Drives Like Crazy"
1989: Eastern Airlines graduates it 1st class of non-union pilots
1988: PSV wins Europe Cup
1986: Ferry boat Shamia sinks on Maghna River Bangladesh, 600 killed
1986: Laurie Rinker wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic
1986: Virgilio Barco elected president of Colombia
1986: Hands Across America - 6 million people hold hands from California to New York
1986: 95-year-old woman scores a hole-in-one in Florida
1986: 30,000,000 watch "Live Aid," a massive benefit concert
1986: Kansas City Royal George Brett gets his 2,000th hit
1985: Allan Border scores 4th successive 1st class 100 (v Derbyshire)
1985: Cyclone ravages Bangladesh; 11,000 killed
1984: Red Sox trade pitcher Dennis Eckersley to Cubs for Bill Buckner
1984: Detroit Tigers lose to Seattle 7-3 ends record tying 17 consecutive wins
1983: "Return of the Jedi" (Star Wars 3) released
1983: France performs nuclear test
1983: Fire in Nassermeer Egypt kills 357
1983: Kirk Gibson (Tigers) and Jorge Orta (Blue Jays) hit inside park home runs
1983: 1st National Missing Children's Day is proclaimed
1982: Ferguson Jenkins becomes 7th pitcher to strike out 3,000 batters
1982: STS-4 vehicle moves to launch pad
1982: Iranian troops reconquer Khorramshar
1981: Rangers' Bill Stein sets AL record with 7 consecutive pinch hits
1981: Carl Yastrzemski is 4th to get 3,000 hits (Cobb, Musial and Aaron)
1981: Daniel Goodwin, climbs Chicago's Sears Tower in 7 hours
1980: "Musical Chairs" closes at Rialto Theater New York City after 15 performances
1980: Jacek Wszoka of Poland sets high jump record (7'8")
1980: Donna Caponi Young wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic
1979: American Airlines DC-10 crashes in Chicago killing 275
1979: Israel begins to return Sinai to Egypt
1979: Raul Gonzales of Mexico completes 50,000 m walk in record 3:41:38.4
1978: Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 4 games to 2
1977: "Beatles Live! At Star-Club in Hamburg Germany" released
1977: Liverpool wins 22nd Europe Cup 1 in Rome
1977: Dutch social democratic party wins parliamentary election
1977: "Brady Bunch Hour," last airs on ABC-TV
1977: U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1976: Heavyweight Muhammad Ali KOs Richard Dunn in Munich
1975: Cleveland's Dennis Eckersley, debuts shuting out the A's 6-0
1975: 29th NBA Championship: Golden Warriors sweep Washington Bullets in 4 games
1975: Joanne Carner wins LPGA American DefenderGolf Classic
1973: Argentine Peronist Hector Campora installed as president
1973: George Harrison releases "Give Me Love" in the United Kingdom
1973: U.S. launches 1st Skylab crew Kerwin, Conrad, Weitz
1973: Borussia Monchengladbach wins 2nd UEFA Cup at Monchengladbach
1972: Heavyweight Joe Frazier KOs Ron Stander
1972: U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1971: U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1970: 3rd ABA Championship: Indiana Pacers beat LA Stars, 4 games to 2
1969: "Midnight Cowboy" released with an X rating
1969: Sudanese government is overthrown in a military coup
1969: Mickey Wright wins LPGA Bluegrass Golf Invitational
1968: Rolling Stones release "Jumping Jack Flash"
1968: Gateway Arch in St. Louis dedicated
1968: Unicorn by The Irish Rovers hits #7
1968: BPAA U.S. Women's Bowling Open won by Dotty Fothergill
1968: BPAA All-Star Bowling Tournament won by Jim Stefanich
1967: Celtic wins 12th Europe Cup 1 in Lisbon
1967: John Lennon takes delivery of his psychedelic painted Rolls Royce
1966: Peru and Argentina soccer fans fight in Lima; 248 die
1965: India and Pakistan border fights
1965: Roel van Duyn, Martijn Ananar and Rob Faado align in Provo
1965: Dave Davies of Kinks stumbles and is knocked unconscious on stage
1965: Muhammad Ali KOs Sonny Liston in 1 for heavyweight boxing title
1964: Frank Gilroy's "Subject is Roses," premieres in New York City
1964: Supreme Court rules closing schools to avoid desegregation unconstitut
1964: 16th Emmy Awards: Dick Van Dyke Show, Dick Van Dyke and Mary Tyler Moore
1964: Ground is broken for a new stadium in St. Louis
1963: "Hot Spot" closes at Majestic Theater New York City after 43 performances
1963: Great Britain ends its amateur-professional classes in cricket
1963: Organization for African Unity formed by Chad, Mauritania and Zambia
1962: U.S. unions AFL-CIO starts campaign for 35-hour work week
1962: Isley Brothers release "Twist and Shout"
1962: U.S. performs nuclear test at Christmas Island (atmospheric)
1961: John F. Kennedy sets goal of putting a man on Moon before the end of decade
1961: NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 32,770 m
1960: George Crowe's record 11th pinch-hit home run
1959: Khrushchev visits Angola
1959: Supreme court rules La prohibiting black-white boxing unconstitutional
1957: "Shinbone Alley" closes at Broadway Theater New York City after 49 performances
1956: Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Haurietis aquas
1955: Series of 19 twisters destroy Udall Kansas and most of Blackwell Okla
1953: 1st non-commercial educational television station, Houston, Texas
1953: Braves Max Surkont strikes out record 8 Reds in a row
1953: 1st atomic cannon electronically fired, Frenchman Flat, Nevada
1951: New York Giant Willie Mays 1st major league game (goes 0 for 5)
1950: Bkln-Battery Tunnel opens in New York City
1949: Chinese Red army occupies Shanghai
1948: 30th PGA Championship: Ben Hogan at Norwood Hills CC St. Louis
1948: San Francisco receives its 1st telecast
1947: Coal dust explosion rocks Centralia Coal Co's Mine #5 killing 111
1946: Abdullah ibn Hussein becomes king of Jordan
1946: Jordan gains independence from Britain (National Day)
1945: Arthur C. Clark proposes relay satellites in geosynchronous orbit
1944: Partisan leader Tito escapes Germans surrounding Bosnia
1943: Riot at Mobile Alabama shipyard over upgrading 12 black workers
1943: Trident conference in Washington D.C. (operation plan '43 against Japan)
1941: Ted Williams raises his batting avg over .400 for 1st time in 1941
1941: 5,000 drown in a storm at Ganges Delta region in India
1940: Golden Gate International Expo reopens
1940: German troops conquer Boulogne
1939: Carl Storck becomes 2nd NFL president
1937: 1st airmail letter to circle globe returns to New York
1935: Babe Ruth hits his last 3 home runs, Boston Braves vs. Pirates
1935: Jesse Owens equals or breaks 6 world records in one hour
1934: Bela Bartok's "Enchanted Deer," premieres
1927: Henry Ford stops producing Model T car (begins Model A)
1923: Britain recognizes Transjordan with Abdullah as its leader
1922: Babe Ruth suspended 1 day and fined $200 for throwing dirt on an ump
1919: Casey Stengel releases a sparrow from under his baseball cap
1915: 2nd Battle of Ypres ends with 105,000 casualties
1914: British House of Commons passes Irish Home Rule
1911: Revolution in Mexico overthrows President Jose Porfirio Diaz
1906: After 20 straight losses, Boston Americans win vs. Chicago White Sox 3-0
1904: 38th Belmont: George Odom aboard Delhi wins in 2:06.6
1900: Eyre M. Shaw, 78, becomes oldest gold medalist in Olympics
1899: 33rd Belmont: R. Clawson aboard Jean Beraud wins in 2:23
1898: 1st U.S. troop transport to Manila leaves San Francisco
1895: 20th Preakness: Fred Taral aboard Belmar wins in 1:50
1895: Oscar Wilde sentenced to 2 years hard labor for being a sodomite
1887: Gas lamp at Paris Opera catches fire; 200 die
1878: Gilbert/Sullivans opera "HMS Pinafore," premieres in London
1876: 4th Preakness: G Barbee aboard Shirley wins in 2:44.75
1876: 1st tie in NL history (Athletics and Louisville, 2-2 in 14)
1870: Irish Fenians raid Eccles Hill, Quebec
1868: Australia Aboriginal Cricket tour of England begins vs. Surrey Gentlemen
1864: Battle of New Hope Church, Georgia
1862: Battle of Winchester, Virginia
1861: John Merryman is arrested under suspension of writ of habeas corpus it later sparks a supreme court decision protecting writ
1844: 1st telegraphed news dispatch is published in Baltimore Patriot
1825: American Unitarian Association founded
1812: Earthquake destroys Caracas, Venezuela
1810: Argentina declares independence from Napoleonic Spain (National Day)
1793: Father Stephen Theodore Badin is 1st U.S. Roman Catholic priest ordained
1787: Constitutional convention opens at Philadelphia, George Washington presiding
1784: Jews are expelled from Warsaw by Marshall Mniszek
1721: John Copson becomes America's 1st insurance agent
1720: "Le Grand St. Antoine" reaches Marseille, plague kills 80,000
1661: King Charles II marries Portuguese princess Catherina the Braganca
1660: English King Charles II lands in Dover
1659: Richard Cromwell resigns as English Lord Protector
1632: Albrecht von Wallenstein recaptures Prague on Saksen
1522: Emperor Karel I returns to Spain
1241: 1st attack on Jewish community of Frankfort-on-the-Main Germany
1085: King Alfonso VI of Castily/Leon occupy Toledo on Moren