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Today's Birthdays


1991: Nicholas Garland, son of Pamela Sue Martin
1980: Conor Oberst, born in Omaha, Nebraska, singer, songwriter, played with Bright Eyes band, Commander Venus, Park Ave, Monsters of Folk
1979: Kaj-Erik Eriksen, actor, Quarantine
1976: Brandon Boyd, born in Van Nuys, California, musician, artist, lead vocalist, member of Incubus rock band
1974: Jodie McMullen, Miss Universe-Australia/Miss Congeniality 1996
1974: Tim Hall, running back for the Oakland Raiders
1974: Erik Schulz, Port Huron, Michigan, pairs skater, & Ilana Goldfogel
1974: Ugueth Urbina, Caracas Venezuela, pitcher for the Montreal Expos
1973: Amy Van Dyken, 50m/100m freestyle/100m butterfly swimmer, 2 Gold Medals 1996 Olympics
1972: Lance Scott, NFL offensive linesman for the Arizona Cardinals
1972: Jaromir Jagr, Kladno, Czechoslovakia, NHL right wing, Penguins, Czechoslovakian, Gold Medal 1998 Olympics, Bronze Medal 2006 Olympics
1971: Renee O'Connor, actress, Xena Warrior Princess
1971: Barbara Failey-Herbert, South Africa, golfer, 1989 winner SA Champ
1971: Jim Butler, born in Iowa City, Iowa, table tennis player, 1992, 1996 Olympics
1971: Tyrone Legette, cornerback for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers
1970: Gloria Trevi, Mexico, sexy spanish vocalist, A Gatas
1970: Tyrone Legette, NFL cornerback for the New Orleans Saints
1970: Nathaniel Mills, Evanston, Illinois, speed skater 1994 Olympics
1969: Brian Williams, Lancaster, South Carolina, pitcher, Detroit Tigers, Astros
1969: Joshua Micah Marshall, American Politician
1969: Edgar Bennett, NFL running back, Green Bay Packers Superbowl 31
1968: Kurt Robin McKinney, born in Louisville, Kentucky, actor, Ned-General Hospital
1967: Michael Easton, born in Long Beach, California, actor, appeared on television shows, Ally McBeal and The Practice, poet, author, wrote Soul Stealer
1966: Melido Perez, Dominican/US baseball pitcher, New York Yankees
1965: Craig Matthews, cricket pace bowler, South African Test
1964: Chris Farley, actor, SNL, Wayne's World, Coneheads
1964: Mark Price, NBA guard, Washington Bullets, Orlando Magic
1962: [Babette] Renee Props, Oklahoma, actress, Elly Snyder-As the World Turns
1960: Mikey Craig, rock bassist, Culture Club-Do You Really Want to Hurt Me
1960: Darrell Green, NFL cornerback for the Washington Redskins
1960: Jeanne Goldsmith, born in Los Angeles, California, WPVA volleyballer, National-5th-1987
1959: Guy De Alwis, cricket wicket-keeper, Sri Lankan mid 80s
1959: Ali Campbell, British reggae vocalist and guitarist, UB40-Red Red Wine
1959: Joe Hesketh, U.S. baseball player for the Boston Red Sox
1957: Bienvenida Buck, Velencia Spain, lover of British Peter Harding
1957: Charles Edward Pevensey Tennant, aristocrat
1957: Jake E Lee, rocker, Badlands-Dreams in the Dark
1956: Desmond Haynes, cricket, WI opener-greatest batsman in 1-day history
1956: Hilda Beatriz "Hildita" Guevara, Cuba, daughter of "Che" Guevara
1955: Clive Aslet, British editor, Country Life
1955: Bev Francis, Australia, world women's power-lifting champion
1954: Matt Groening, cartoonist, Life in Hell, Simpsons
1953: Derek Conway, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, England, Derek Leslie Conway, politician, Conservative Party, awarded Territorial Decoration, Member of Parliament for Old Bexley and Sidcup
1951: Melissa Manchester, born in Bronx, New York, vocalist, Don't Cry Out Loud
1951: Jane Seymour, Joyce Frankenberg, England, actress, Dr. Quinn
1950: Nikolai Sergeivich Grekov, Russia, cosmonaut
1950: Donna Hanover Giuliani, TV news anchor, WPIX, wife of Mayor Giuliani
1949: Jess Walton, Michigan, actress, Jill Foster Abbott-Young and Restless
1949: Ken Anderson, NFL quarterback for the Cincinnati Bengals
1949: George Howard, born in England, George Beaumont William Howard, 13th Earl of Carlisle, member of the Third Creation, Earls of Carlisle, 1661
1949: Christopher Rouse, composer
1948: Ron "Penguin" Cey, born in Tacoma, Washington, 3rd baseman for the Los Angeles Dodgers
1948: Art Spiegelman, American Artist
1947: Marisa Berenson, New York City, actress, Barry Lyndon, Death in Vienna, SOB
1947: Rusty Hamer, Tenafly, New Jersey, actor, Rusty-Make Room for Daddy
1946: Clare Short, born in Birmingham, England, politician, left wing, Secretary of State for Internal Development, supports legislating cannabis, critical of Israel
1946: John Greenway, British MP
1945: Douglas R Hofstadter, New York City, author, Godel, Escher, Bach
1945: Douglas Hofstadter, American Writer
1944: Tineke Netelenbos, Dutch MP, PvdA
1944: Aleksandr A. Serebrov, U.S.S.R., cosmonaut, Soyuz T-7, T-8, TM-8, TM-17
1944: Mick Avory, rock drummer, Kinks-Lola
1941: Brian Holland, U.S. pianist/producer, Holland/Dozier/Holland
1941: Florinda Bolkan, Ceara Brazil, actress, Damned, Last Valley, Word
1941: Dan Crompton, Nottinghamshire, Chief Constable
1939: Ollie Ellefsater, Norway, 3K steeplechase, Olympics-1960
1939: Jo Clayton, U.S., sci-fi author, Irsud, Maeve, Star Hunters
1939: Tony Bloom, deputy CEO, Sketchley
1938: Jack Tinker, drama critic
1938: Lord Justice Ward, British judge
1937: P J Squire, British headmaster, Bedford Modern School
1937: Terry Everett, born in Dothan, Alabama, Representative-R-Alabama 1993 - 2009
1936: Andrew Miller, British principal, Stirling U
1935: John R Block, U.S. Secretary of Agriculture, 1981 - 1986
1935: Roger B. Chaffee, Astronaut
1935: Susan Brownmiller, Brooklyn, feminist author, Against Our Wills
1935: Roger B Chaffee, Grand Rapids Michigan, Lieutenant Commander USN/astronaut
1934: Graham Kennedy, Australian Entertainer
1934: Niklaus Wirth, born in Switzerland, computer programmer and inventor, PASCAL
1933: Adolfo, Cardones Cuba, fashion designer, Nancy Reagan
1932: Adrian Swire, British aircraft magnate, Cathay Pacific
1931: [Patricia] Claire Bloom, London, actress, Charly, Look Back in Anger
1931: W K Reid, British ombudsman
1931: Claire Bloom, British Actress
1930: C F Payne, Cleveland, British chief constable
1929: Graham Hill, London, auto racer, 1962, 68 international racing champ
1929: Gerald Harper, broadcaster/actor, Tunes of Glory, Extra Day
1929: James R. Schlesinger, U.S. Secretary of Defense, 1973 - 1975
1927: Harvey Korman, Chicago, actor, Carol Burnett Show, Blazing Saddles
1927: Frank Dunlop, director, Edinburgh International Festival
1927: William Bentley, diplomat
1927: Gottfrid Grasbeck, composer
1923: Keene Curtis, born in Salt Lake City, Utah, actor, Magician, Amanda's
1923: Justice Drake, British justice
1923: Yelena Bonner, Moscow, soviet disident/wife of Andre Sakharov
1922: Herman Kahn, New Jersey, writer, Thinking About the Unthinkable
1920: Richard O'Brien, CEO, Manpower Services Commission
1920: Ingmar Milveden, composer
1918: Alan Arbus, New York City, actor, Dr. Sidney Freedman-M*A*S*H
1916: Ian Ballantine, publisher, Ballantine Books
1915: Paul Ferris, British author
1914: Arthur Sydney Martin, spy catcher
1914: R. W. Woods, bishop, Worcester
1914: Kevin McCarthy, Seattle, actor, Invasion of Body Snatchers, Howling
1913: Willy Vandersteen, Belgian cartoonist, Suske and Wiske
1912: George Mikes, Hungary, British writer, How to Be an Alien
1911: Leonard Woodcock, labor leader, UAW
1910: 9th earl of Jersey, English large landowner/art collector
1909: Harold Beeley, British diplomat
1908: Sidney Gilliat, producer
1908: Ypk fan der Fear, Frisian writer, Reade Runen
1907: Jean Langlais, composer
1907: Cesar Romero, born in New York City, actor, Joker-Batman, Ocean's 11, Thin Man
1906: Stephen Brown, CEO, Stone-Platt Industries
1905: Harold Arlen, Hyman Arluck, U.S., composer, Over the Rainbow
1904: Antonin Magne, French bicyclist, Tour de France 1931, 34
1904: Mary Adshead, muralist/painter
1901: Andre Parrot, French archaeologist/theologist, Assur
1901: Paul Haesaerts, Flemish architect/painter, Animisme
1901: Christmas Humphreys, England, lawyer/writer/Buddhist, Awakening of Zen
1899: Georges Auric, Lodve France, Composer
1899: Gale Sondergard, Litchfield, Minnesota, actress, Cat and Canary, Road to Rio
1899: Lillian Disney, Mrs. Walt Disney
1898: Toto, Antonio de Curtis, Naples Italy, actor, Motorizzate, Noi Duri
1898: Ibuse Masuji, Japanese writer, Yohai Taicho, Kuroi Ame
1897: Earl H Blaik, Det, college football hall of fame coach, elected 1965
1896: Arthur Shields, Dublin Ireland, actor, River, Enchanted Island
1894: Oswaldo Aranha, Brazil, lawyer/statesman, 1st President of UN
1893: Harm H Kamerlingh Onnes, painter/etcher/ceramist
1893: Walter Donaldson, U.S. pianist/composer, Girl Crazy, Whoopee
1892: James Forrestal, U.S., banker/minister of Navy
1890: Robert Ley, German chemist/MP, NSDAP
1887: H M Bateman, Sutton Forest NSW, cartoonist
1886: Sax Rohmer, England, author, Dr. Fu Manchu
1885: Richard Wurz, composer
1882: John Barrymore, Blythe, Philadelphia, actor, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
1874: Ernest H Shackleton, Kilkee Ireland, explorer, Endurance, Antarctica
1874: Emilis Melngailis, composer
1866: Bannister Fletcher, London, architect and architectural historian
1861: Alfred North Whitehead, English mathematician/philosopher, Adv of Ideas
1861: Halford John Mackinder, Gainsborough Lincolnshire, geographer
1858: William Pickering, Boston, astronomer, 9th and 10th moons of Saturn
1856: Frank Harris, Galway England, writer
1855: Gustav Hollaender, composer
1845: Elihu Root, R, U.S. Secretary of State, 1905 - 1909, Nobel Peace Prize, 1912
1835: Alexander Stuart Webb, Major General Union Army
1834: William Preece, English electrical engineer/wireless pioneer
1829: Silas Weir Mitchell, U.S. physician/author, Roland Blake
1828: Johan H van Dale, schoolmaster, New Dutch Language Dictionary
1826: George J Stoney, Irish physicist
1823: Li Hung-Tshang, Chinese rebel leader/viceroy of Tsheli Canton
1822: Theodor Uhlig, composer
1821: Abraham de Amorie van der de Have, theologist/poet
1820: Susan B. Anthony, American Activist
1820: Susan Brownell Anthony, Adams Massachusetts, woman's suffragette
1819: Christopher Sholes, Mooresburg Penn, inventor, typewriter
1817: Charles F Daubigny, French restauranteur/painter
1812: Charles Lewis Tiffany, Killingly, Connecticut, jeweler, Tiffany
1811: Domingo F Sarmiento, president of Argentina, 1868-74
1809: Cyrus Hall McCormick, inventor, Mechanical reaper
1807: Ignacy Feliks Dobrzynski, composer
1803: John Augustus Sutter, Swiss / U.S. colonist, New Helvetia, California, Sutter Mill
1800: Frederik W. Conrad, Dutch hydraulic engineer/railway pioneer
1797: Henry Engelhard Steinway, piano maker, Steinway
1795: Charles Niellon, Belgian brigade general, 10 day campaign
1789: Friedrich Fesca, composer
1785: Claude Louis Marie Navier
1783: Johann Nepomuk Poissl, composer
1780: Carel Asser, Dutch jurist
1774: W G Frederik, prince of Orange
1768: Jozef B. Cannaert, Flemish lawyer
1766: Thomas Malthus, Rookery Surrey UK, economist/demographer
1764: Jens I Baggesen, Danish writer/linguist, Danske V'rker
1760: Jean-Francois Le Sueur, composer
1759: Friedrich A. Wolfius, Wolf, German philological, Prolegomena
1748: Jeremy Bentham, London, England philosopher/originator, Utilitarian
1740: Ernst Eichner, composer
1726: Abraham Clark, farmer/lawyer, signed Declaration of Independence
1710: Louis XV the Well-Beloved, Versailles, King of France, 1715-74
1707: Claude Prosper, Paris, France, novelist
1705: Charles A. Vanloo, French painter
1666: Antonio M Valsalva, Italian anatomist, eardrums, glottis
1660: Frans Anneessens, Belgian merchant/dean of artisans
1650: Anne Jules duke de Noailles, marshal of France, hugenot
1620: Francois Charpentier, French scholar/archaeologist
1571: Michael Praetorius, Kreuzberg Germany, composer, Syntagma music
1564: Galileo Galilei, born in Pisa, Italy, astronomer and physicist
1557: Alfonso Fontanelli, composer
1524: Charles de Guise, archbishop/cardinal of Reims
1519: Pedro Menendez de Aviles, explorer, found St. Augustine Florida
1497: Philipp Melanchthon, German Protestant
1483: Babur, founder of Mughal dynasty in India 1526 - 1530
1368: Sigismund, Nurnberg Germany, Holy Roman emperor, 1410-37

 

Today in History


2011: In Malaysia, Islamic morality police arrest more than 80 muslims to prevent them from celebrating Valentine's Day
2011: Inflation in the People's Republic of China reaches 4.9%
2010: Men's freestyle skiing moguls competitor, Alexandre Bilodeau, wins the first gold medal Canada has ever won on home soil at the 2010 Vancouver Olympics
1998: Dale Eggeling wins Los Angeles Women's Golf Championship
1998: Daytona 500 race
1997: U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by Todd Eldridge
1997: U.S. Female Figure Skating championship won by Tara Lipinski
1995: Burundi premier Anatole Kanyenkiko, resigns
1995: Population of People's Republic of China hits 1.2 billion
1995: Dow-Jones closes at record 3986.17
1994: U.S. asks Aristide to adopt a peace plan from Haiti
1993: Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Rochester, New York on WNVE 95.1 FM
1992: 100th episode of "Cops" airs on Fox
1992: Jeffrey Dahmer found sane and guilty of killing 15 boys
1991: Freighter with dynamite explodes in Phang Nga Thailand, 120 die
1991: Troy State sets NCAA Div II record with 103 points in 2nd half routing DeVry Institute 187-117
1990: Baseball owners lock out players
1989: Israel attacks border strip Taba near Egypt
1989: Soviet military occupation of Afghanistan ends
1988: U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1987: ABC-TV begins broadcasting "Amerika" mini-series
1987: Nikolai Guljajev becomes world champion skater
1987: Karlstad skates world record 10km (14:03,92)
1986: Ferdinand Marcos wins rigged Philippines presidential election
1986: 44,180 largest NBA crowd to date - Philadelphia at Detroit
1985: World chess championship match abandoned-Karpov 25, Kasparov 23
1985: STS-51-E vehicle moves to launch pad
1984: 500,000 Iranian soldiers move into Iraq
1982: Dan Issel (NBA-Nuggets), begins streak of 63 consecutive free throw
1982: Ocean Ranger oil-drilling platform lost off Newfoundland, 84 die
1981: Joanne Carner wins LPGA S&H Golf Classic
1981: Rocket-powered ice sled attains 399 kph, Lake George, New York
1980: Eric Heiden skates Olympic record 500m in 38.03 sec
1980: Wayne Gretzy assists on NHL-record-tieing 7 goals
1979: Paul Shirley (21) of Australia, sucked a lifesaver for 4 hours 40 minutes
1979: Temple City Kazoo Orchestra appears on Mike Douglas Show
1979: 21st Grammy Awards: Just the Way You Are, Taste of Honey wins
1979: U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1978: England all out 64 for 1st loss to New Zealand in cricket (Boycott captain)
1978: Leon Spinks beats Muhammad Ali in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1978: Zaire revises constitution
1978: Escaped mass murderer Ted Bundy recaptured, Pensacola, Florida
1977: Social-democrats win Danish parliamentary election
1976: 12th Winter Olympic games close at Innsbruck, Austria
1976: Joanne Carner wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
1973: U.S.S.R. launches Prognoz 3 to study sun (589/200,300 km)
1973: Friendsville Academy (Tennessee) ends 138-game basketball losing streak
1972: President Velasco Ibarra of Ecuador deposed for 4th time
1972: Bill Torrey becomes 1st Islander General Manager
1972: Dimitrios Papadopoulos becomes metropolitan of Imbros/Tenedos
1971: After 1,200 years Britain abandons 12-shilling system for decimal
1970: Nationalists disrupt United Nations session on Congo
1970: Carol Mann wins LPGA Burdine's Golf Invitational
1970: Ard Schenk becomes world champion all-round skater
1970: KAMU TV channel 15 in College Station, Texas (PBS) begins broadcasting
1970: Dominican DC-9 crashes into sea at Santo Domingo, kills 102
1968: Anaheim's Les Salvage scores 10, 3-pt baskets in ABA game vs Denver
1968: WVUT TV channel 22 in Vincennes, IN (PBS) begins broadcasting
1967: D66 (D'66) wins 7 seats in Dutch 2nd Chamber
1967: Longest dream (REM sleep) on record, Bill Carskadon, Chicago (2:23)
1967: 1st anti-bootleg recording laws enacted
1966: Kees Verkerk becomes world champion all-round skater
1965: John Lennon passes his driving test
1964: Beatles' "Meet the Beatles!," album goes #1 and stays #1 for 11 weeks
1964: Bill Bradley scores 51 points for Princeton
1963: Ken Lynch records "Misery," 1st Lennon-McCartney song by someone else
1963: 1st U.S. female world figure skating champ (Tenley Albright)
1962: U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1961: Australia beat WI 2-1 in one of best Test Cricket series ever
1961: Entire U.S. figure skating team of 18, dies in Belgian Sabena 707 crash
1959: Louise Suggs wins LPGA St. Petersburg Golf Tournament
1959: Antonio Segni forms Italian government
1958: Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Barbara Wagner/Rob Paul of CAN
1958: Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Carol Heiss of USA
1958: Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by David Jenkins USA
1958: Ice Dance Championship at Paris won by June Markham/Courtney Jones GRB
1958: Sjafroeddin Prawiranegara forms anti-government of Middle Sumatra
1957: Andrei A Gromyko succeeds Dmitri Shepilov as Soviet foreign minister
1956: Urho Kekkonen appointed president of Finland
1956: Pirates and Kansas City A's cancel an exhibition game in Birmingham Alabama, because of local ordinance barring black from playing against white
1955: 1st pilot plant to produce man-made diamonds announced
1954: 1st bevatron in operation-Berkeley, California
1954: WRDW TV channel 12 in Augusta, Georgia (CBS) begins broadcasting
1950: KENS TV channel 5 in San Antonio, Texas (CBS) begins broadcasting
1950: WM Inge's "Come Back, Little Sheba," premieres in New York City
1950: Walt Disney's "Cinderella" released
1950: WSYR (now WSTM) TV channel 3 in Syracuse, New York (NBC) begins broadcasting
1949: Dmitri Shostakovich' "Song of the Woods," premieres in Leningrad
1948: Mao Zedong's army occupies Yenan
1947: "Toplitzky of Notre Dame" closes at Century Theater New York City after 60 performances
1946: Bank of England nationalized
1944: 891 British bombers attack Berlin
1944: Bombing and shooting at Monte Cassino convent Italy, begins
1943: Women's camp Tamtui on Ambon (Moluccas) hit by allied air raid
1942: Japanese troops march into Palembang, South Sumatra
1942: German U-boat shells at Antillian oil refinery
1942: Singapore surrenders to Japanese
1941: Duke Ellington 1st records "Take the A Train"
1939: Lillian Hellman's "Little Foxes," premieres in New York City
1939: German battleship Bismarck was launched
1936: -60 degrees F (-51 degrees C), Parshall, North Dakota (state record)
1936: Hitler announce building of Volkswagens (starting slug-bug game)
1936: Sonja Henie, Norway, wins 3rd consecutive Olympic figure skating gold
1933: Karl Radek praises invincible force of German Communist Party
1933: Social-democratic newspaper "Vorwarts" banned again in Berlin
1933: President-elect Franklin Roosevelt survives assassination attempt
1932: John Van Druten's "There's Always Juliet," premieres in New York City
1932: Australia beat South Africa in cricket by an inn in 5 hours 53 minutes playing time
1932: 3rd Winter Olympic games close at Lake Placid, New York
1932: U.S. bobsled team member Eddie Eagan becomes only athlete to win gold in both Summer and Winter Olympics (1920 boxing gold)
1932: George Burns and Gracie Allen debuted as regulars on "Guy Lombardo Show"
1931: 1st Dracula movie released
1931: Spring training site of New York Yankees in St. Petersburg is renamed Miller Huggins Field in honor of the team's late manager
1930: Weona beats Toluca in Illinois Basketball Tournament in 10 overtimes
1929: St. Valentine's Day massacre (Chicago)
1926: Contract air mail service begins in U.S.
1926: Brooks Atkinson Theater opens at 256 W 47th St. New York City
1922: Marconi begins regular broadcasting transmissions from Essex
1921: Arthur Mailey completes 9-121 vs. England, Australian Test Cricket rec
1919: American Legion organizes in Paris
1918: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania adopt Gregorian calendar
1918: 1st WW I U.S. Army troop ship torpedoed and sunk by Germany, off Ireland
1917: SF Public Library (Main Branch at Civic center) dedicated
1916: New York Yankees buy Frank "Home Run" Baker from the Athletics for $37,500
1913: 1st avant-garde art show in America opens in New York City
1912: Fram reaches latitude 78 degrees 41' S, farthest south ever by ship
1906: British Labour Party organizes
1905: 1st race meet at Oaklawn Park (Hot Springs, Ark)
1903: 1st Teddy Bear introduced in America, made by Morris and Rose Michtom
1902: Underground railway (U-Bahn)
1900: General French relieves Kimberley/Cecil Rhodes
1898: USS Maine sinks in Havana harbor, cause unknown, 258 sailors die
1895: 23 cm (9") of snow falls on New Orleans
1882: 1st cargo of frozen meat leaves New Zealand for Britain, on SS Dunedin
1882: SS Dunedin leaves New Zealand with 1st frozen meat to England
1879: Congress authorizes women lawyers to practice before Supreme Court
1876: Historic Elm at Boston blown down
1870: Ground broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth, Minn
1869: Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped
1864: Fire in Rotterdam Netherlands damages Museum Boymans
1862: Grant's major assault on Ft. Donelson, Tennessee
1861: Ft. Point completed and garrisoned (but has never fired cannon in anger)
1852: Great Ormond St. Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits 1st patient
1851: Black abolitionists invade Boston courtroom rescueing a fugitive slave
1848: Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston
1845: William Parsons, Earl of Rosse, 1st uses 72" (183 cm) reflector
1842: 1st adhesive postage stamps in U.S. (private delivery company), New York City
1804: New Jersey becomes last northern state to abolish slavery
1799: 1st U.S. printed ballots authorized, Pennsylvania
1797: Battle of Cape St. Vincent
1775: Angelo Braschi chosen as Pope Pius VI
1768: 1st mustard manufactured in America advertised, Philadelphia
1764: St. Louis founded as a French trading post by Pierre Laclade Ligue
1763: Austria, Prussia and Saxony sign Peace of Hubertusburg
1745: Colley Cibbers "Papal Tyranny," premieres in London
1689: German Parliament declares war on France
1686: Jean Baptiste Lully's opera "Armide," premieres in Paris
1677: King Charles II reports anti-French covenant with Netherlands
1637: Ferdinand III succeeds Ferdinand II as Holy Roman Emperor
1563: Russian troops occupy Polotsk Lithuania
1552: Dutch coast hit by heavy storm
1539: Emperor Charles receives Cardinal Pole in Toledo
1386: Duke Philip the Stout forms Council of Flanders
1313: Peace of Angleur
1145: Bernardo elected Pope Eugene III
732: Ho-tse Shen-hui, Zen teacher disputes founder of Northern Ch'an line
399: Philosopher Socrates sentenced to death